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Lucille Ball, beloved comedienne, star of the classic 1950s sitcom I Love Lucy, and entrepreneur as the head of her television studio, Desilu, is visited in a dream by her late friend Carole Lombard. Once before, her friend had convinced her to “give [television] a whirl” and star in what would become I Love Lucy; her second visit, in late 1966, marks the POD. She is on the verge of selling Desilu to media conglomerate Gulf+Western, but Lombard warns her away from it, assuring her that her destiny is to remain a studio chief.
The rest of the timeline chronicles what changes have been wrought, and all on account of That Wacky Redhead!
The official theme song and music video for That Wacky Redhead can be found right here.
More To Come... Right After These Messages (July 24, 1969)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (April 15, 1971)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (May 19, 1972)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (January 20, 1973)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (April 26, 1974)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (April 8, 1975)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (December 27, 1975)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (March 19, 1977)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (June 29, 1978)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (September 17, 1978)
Appendix E: A Taste of PI, Part I: Fostering an Obsession (written by e of pi for April Fool's Day, 2013)
More To Come... Right After These Messages (September 9, 1979)
(Rules Codified by Falkenburg)
That Wacky Redhead Drinking Game.
Only to be played by those of legal drinking age.
This is an explanatory Post and so does not count, for the purposes of The Game.
Dealers Rule applies.
You only take a shot when another Poster uses one of the trigger words (Or quotes your use of said in a subsequent Post)
Have fun. Be safe. Players participate at their own risk.
Do not operate complex machinery or drive after playing That Wacky Redhead Drinking Game.
Neither Brainbin, Desilu, nor any of their Affiliates or Subsidiaries may be held liable for any damages or losses incurred.
(A poetic summation of The Story So Far, by Falkenburg; written at 3:20 AM, BST, on June 10, 2012; for which he won the No-Prize)
A Canadian, name of Brainbin,
Took OTL and gave it a spin.
From the smallest of starts,
He won Readers and hearts.
So much in it. Oh, where to begin?
To list its charms in separate proportions,
Would tie up this rhyme in contortions.
Now you've no-one to blame,
If you play The Drinking Game.
The alcohol may well cause some distortions
He baited his hook and we bit.
Now we keep coming back for the hit.
Trek ran for five seasons,
for impeccable reasons
(Though Shatner still was a bit of a twit).
A Quagmire abroad was truncated
While Nixon was sadly deflated
Though it isn't all roses,
Such is life, one supposes.
Just be glad 'Ulster' was somewhat abated.
We've had surprises and plenty of laughs
We've seen Trek and The Doctor cross paths.
The Fonz bit the dust,
Twas a shame but a must.
(I can't recall if there've been any gaffes).
Muppets and Tropes and the Moon
(And me, rhyming away like a loon)
So much left unsung,
Yet I've barely begun!
(Fear ye not, this'll be over soon)
It is late and I should go to bed
But I'm writing this Limerick instead.
The gleam in my eyes,
Is that lovely No-Prize
All because of That Wacky Redhead!
(This section will serve as a summary of the many characters central to this timeline.)
That Wacky Redhead.
Has worked at Desilu since 1964; promoted to Vice-President in Charge of Production in 1965, replacing his boss, Oscar Katz, in the position. Since that time, has become known as the right-hand man of Lucille Ball. From his promotion to Senior Executive Vice-President and Chief Operations Officer in 1971, has exercised significant control over the company's creative decisions; he is fettered only by the veto power that Ball continues to hold over him - though, rather like the Royal Prerogative, it is seldom used, and never without good reason.
Second husband of Lucille Ball; the two were married in 1961. A comedian of marginal talent, but with a particular gift for self-promotion, he has always shown a keen interest in spending the studio's money. None of his fellow top-level executives - including his wife - think much of him or his abilities, but he remains involved with the company largely because he would not likely find success beyond it, or the long shadow cast by his wife.
A wunderkind television producer from the East Coast, not even 30 when he became a top executive at the studio. Known for his big ideas.
First husband of Lucille Ball; the two were married for two decades, from 1940 to 1960. Co-founder of Desilu, with Ball, in 1950; he served as first studio chief until he sold his share of the company to Ball in 1962. The two remain close friends and memorably appeared together on-screen in the series finale of The Lucy Show in 1968 - also the first time since 1960 that three stars from I Love Lucy (Ball, Arnaz, and Vivian Vance) shared the screen.
Hired by Lucille Ball in 1964 to select high-potential pitches and develop them into new pilots; his tenure with Desilu was short, but he green-lit Star Trek and Mission: Impossible, beginning the phase during which the studio was known as “The House that Paladin Built”. Resigned in 1965.
A close associate of Gene Roddenberry, and a key member of the production staff for Star Trek from the very beginning of the show's production. When it began running as a series in 1966, he was made Associate Producer; he was promoted to full Producer for the fourth season in 1969. Known for his frugality and efficiency, he was hired by his close friend Herb Solow to replace him in the position of Vice-President of Production for Desilu, giving him the responsibility of overseeing all series produced by the studio. Unlike Solow, he had little passion for working in television “on the other side”, thinking more highly of his time in active production, and vacated the position in 1976.
Austrian-American industrialist and mogul. Founder and head of Gulf+Western Industries, which joined the entertainment industry through its acquisition of Golden Age studio Paramount Pictures in 1966; as Paramount was the only major studio which did not have a television division, Bluhdorn sought to acquire one; however, plans to purchase Desilu Productions fell through in late 1966, forcing Paramount to create its own television division, which required a rather large initial outlay of resources. Bluhdorn, a notorious miser, was most displeased.
President of Paramount Television since 1968. Previously worked at NBC, and in that capacity approved and supervised the production of the original Star Trek pilot. Married to Mary Tyler Moore, and one of his conditions for joining Paramount was the creation of a sitcom to star her.
Vice-President in Charge of Production for Paramount Television.
38th President of the United States, from January 20, 1977; previously the 33rd Governor of California, from 1967 to 1975. A champion of fiscally conservative ideals, modeled on those of his political mentor, Sen. Barry M. Goldwater, Sr., and a staunch anti-communist.
39th Vice-President of the United States, from 1969, under Hubert H. Humphrey; previously a Senator for Maine. In his role as President of the Senate, broke a great many ties in the upper house during the 93rd Congress (1973-75), as both sides were tied. Named Acting President of the United States under the terms of Amendment XXV to the US Constitution, serving during the summer of 1975. Ran for and won the Democratic Party nomination for President in 1976, after a tough contest with Sen. “Scoop” Jackson, but lost the general election in a landslide to the Republican candidate, Ronald Reagan, largely due to the great unpopularity of the lame-duck Humphrey administration.
Governor of Alabama and founder of the American Party. Ran for President on that ticket in 1968 and 1972; however, he passed on the 1976 contest.
Senator for the state of Washington from 1953; previously a Congressman. In terms of domestic policy, a typical Great Society Democrat; however, his foreign policy is hawkish and staunchly anti-Communist. He is the effective leader of those Democrats who share his ideology, and naturally has proven a thorn in the side of the Humphrey administration, whom he has vocally opposed. Ran for the Democratic nomination for President in 1976, losing to Vice-President Muskie, but he endorsed his opponent in the general election, purportedly in exchange for a promise to be named Secretary of State.
Democratic Senator for Wisconsin, and vocal opponent of NASA and funding for space exploration in general.
37th President of the United States, from 1969 to 1977; previously the 38th Vice-President, from 1965 to 1969, under Lyndon B. Johnson; before that, a Senator for Minnesota. Ran for, and won, the Presidential races in both 1968 and 1972, on the Democratic ticket. His term in office has been known for his staunch advocacy of desegregation, support for the space program, and promoting detente with the Soviet Union. Never in the best of health, became infirm in his lame-duck term, resulting in the first-ever invocation of the fourth section of Amendment XXV to the US Constitution after a severe heart-attack prevented him from carrying out his duties. He died on March 16, 1977, just months after his term expired.
36th Vice-President of the United States, from 1953-61, under Dwight Eisenhower. Previously a Congressman, then a Senator, for his home state of California, after having served as a naval officer during World War II. Ran for President of the United States on the Republican Party ticket in 1960 and 1968; narrowly lost both times. His 1968 run had been seen as a comeback after his decisive defeat in his run for Governor of California in 1962, in which he famously informed his bete noire, the press, that they would not have him to kick around anymore. After his 1968 Presidential loss, he appeared to finally mean it, retiring to private life (even though he was considered a prime contender for the Presidential nomination in 1972).
Governor of New York from 1959 to 1975. Ran for President of the United States on the Republican ticket in 1972; attempted to run for same in 1960, 1964, and 1968. Socially liberal and economically moderate; the left-wing faction of the Republican Party is named for him.
HM Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith. Queen of the United Kingdom and all Commonwealth Realms since 1952. Former Head of State of many current republics. Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Celebrated her Silver Jubilee in 1977.
HRH The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, et al. Heir Apparent to the throne of all Commonwealth Realms since the accession of his mother to same in 1952. Married The Honourable Amanda Knatchbull, his second cousin, in a lavish, well-attended, and widely-viewed ceremony in 1980.
HRH The Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall and Rothesay, et al. Nee Amanda Knatchbull, daughter of the Baron Brabourne, maternal granddaughter of the Earl Mountbatten of Burma. Second cousin to her husband, both descended from their great-grandfather, Prince Louis of Battenberg (the 1st Marquess of Milford Haven).
Second-in-line to the throne of all the Commonwealth Realms, after his elder brother, since his birth in 1960. Displaced his elder sister, Princess Anne. Presently unmarried, though at the time of his wedding he is likely to be created Duke of York, the customary title granted to the second son of the Sovereign.
Third-in-line to the throne of all the Commonwealth Realms, after his elder brothers, since his birth in 1964. Displaced his elder sister, Princess Anne. Still an adolescent, though when he matures and eventually weds, he is likely to be given a Dukedom of his own, as is standard among sons of the Sovereign.
Only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Struck from the line of succession in 1973 (at which time she was fourth-in-line to the thrones of all the Commonwealth Realms), upon marrying a Catholic (in violation of the Act of Settlement 1701). However, her wedding to Major Andrew Parker-Bowles was very popular with the masses, and the newlyweds agreed to raise any children in the Protestant Church of England, to secure their place in the succession.
Agnatic descendant of the Parkers of Macclesfield; his maternal line belongs to a prominent aristocratic recusant family, resulting in his being raised in the Roman Catholic faith. Dated, and then married, Princess Anne, in the early 1970s, and was created Earl of Crewe (and Viscount Ampleforth) on the day of their wedding.
First grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II, presently fourth-in-line to the thrones of all the Commonwealth Realms.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 1974. Head of the Conservative Party since 1971.
Note that the Canadian Head of State is HM Queen Elizabeth II, and the British Royal Family is also the Canadian Royal Family.
Leader of the Progressive Conservative (PC) Party (also known as the “Tories”) since 1967; Prime Minister of Canada since 1972; formed a majority government from 1974. Represents the electoral district (or “riding”) of Halifax, in the province of Nova Scotia. An advocate of the “Red Tory” tradition, analogous to “One Nation” or “Rockefeller Republican” policies elsewhere, Stanfield maintains an economically liberal, socially moderate (though conservative in the traditionalist sense) government. Perhaps the most strongly pro-British PM since Arthur Meighen in the 1920s. A sturdy, dependable type: essentially the exact opposite of his predecessor. A passionate enthusiast of Canadian sport.
Leader of the Liberal Party (also known as the “Grits”) from 1968 to 1975; Prime Minister of Canada to 1972. Represented the riding of Mount Royal, in Montreal, Quebec. A member of his party's left wing, disdainful of the Western Allies and an admirer of the Communist bloc, particularly Red China and Cuba (he is a close, personal friend of Fidel Castro). Married a much-younger woman. Retired from politics after his defeat in the 1974 election.
Nicknamed “Dief” (or “Dief the Chief” during his tenure as PM). Leader of the PCs from 1956 to 1967; Prime Minister of Canada from 1957 to 1963. Formed the largest majority government in Canadian history (208 seats out of 265) after the 1958 election. Cancelled funding on the Avro Arrow program in 1959. With the resignation of Trudeau, is the only former Prime Minister who continues to sit in the House of Commons. Has also been the longest-serving MP, or Dean of the House, since 1968; he first took his seat of Prince Albert, in the province of Saskatchewan, in the election of 1940.
Pontiff from June 21, 1963 to February 28, 1978, succeeding John XXIII. Generally seen as a modernizer and a promoter of inter-faith dialogue.
Previously Cardinal Sebastiano Baggio, pontiff from March 15, 1978. Described as affable and smiling; primarily an administrator.
(This section will serve as a general repository for information pertinent to this timeline until it becomes large enough to be divided into relevant subpages.)
The Andy Griffith Show
Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In
Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In (second consecutive season)
Marcus Welby, M.D.
Those Were the Days
Those Were the Days (second consecutive season)
Those Were the Days (third consecutive season)
Sanford and Son
Rock Around the Clock
Rock Around the Clock (second consecutive season)
Rock Around the Clock (third consecutive season)
The Richard Pryor Show
The Richard Pryor Show (second consecutive season)
Properly the Award of Merit, handed out by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) on an annual basis since the early 1930s; popularly known as simply the Academy Awards (despite the fact that many Academies hand out awards) or the Oscars (the nickname for the nude, sword-bearing man depicted in the statuette). Any awards not listed here can be assumed to have gone to their OTL recipient.
The following awards were handed out at the 43rd Academy Awards, on April 15, 1971, recognizing the best in film for the year 1970:
Patton (20th Century Fox).
George C. Scott as Gen. George S. Patton, in Patton. Scott refused the award, and would (many years later) ask that it be presented to the Patton Museum; the Academy grudgingly complied.
Larry Kramer, for Women in Love.
The following awards were handed out at the 44th Academy Awards, on April 10, 1972, recognizing the best in film for the year 1971:
Napoleon (MGM), awarded to Stanley Kubrick (accepted on his behalf by Edgar M. Bronfman, Sr.).
Stanley Kubrick, for Napoleon (accepted on his behalf by John Alcott, who had won for Best Cinematography earlier that evening).
David Hemmings as Napoleon Bonaparte, in Napoleon. Hemmings, at the age of 30 years, 144 days, became the youngest person to accept this award, beating the record previously held by Marlon Brando.
Jane Fonda as Bree Daniels, in Klute.
Ben Johnson as Sam the Lion, in The Last Picture Show.
Cloris Leachman as Ruth Popper, in The Last Picture Show.
Paddy Chafesky, for The Hospital.
Stanley Kubrick for Napoleon, adapted from the biography by Felix Markham (accepted on his behalf by Markham).
Milena Canonero, for Napoleon.
John Alcott, for Napoleon.
Bill Butler, for Napoleon.
The following awards were handed out at the 45th Academy Awards, on March 27, 1973, recognizing the best in film for the year 1972:
Cabaret (Allied Artists).
Bob Fosse, for Cabaret.
Marlon Brando as Don Vito Corleone, in The Godfather. Brando became the fourth actor to win the award twice (as he had previously won for On The Waterfront), after Fredric March, Spencer Tracy, and Gary Cooper. Of those three men, only March still lived at the time of the ceremony.
Liza Minnelli as Sally Bowles, in Cabaret.
Joel Grey as the Master of Ceremonies, in Cabaret.
Nino Rota, for The Godfather.
The following awards were handed out at the 46th Academy Awards, on April 2, 1974, recognizing the best in film for the year 1973:
The Exorcist (Warner Bros.), awarded to William Peter Blatty.
Peter Bogdanovich, for The Exorcist.
Jamie Lee Curtis as Regan MacNeil, in The Exorcist. Curtis, at the age of 15 years, 131 days, became the youngest person to accept this award, and the youngest performer to receive any award in a competitive category, in both cases beating the record previously held by Patty Duke.
The following awards were handed out at the 47th Academy Awards, on April 8, 1975, recognizing the best in film for the year 1974:
Chinatown (Paramount), awarded to Robert Evans.
Francis Ford Coppola, for The Godfather Part II.
Harvey Korman as Hedley LaMarr, in Blazing Saddles.
The Emmy Awards have been presented by the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS) on an annual basis since 1948. The name “Emmy” is a corruption of “Immy”, a nickname for image orthicon tubes used in early television cameras; the term was thus feminized to better fit the statuette, a winged woman holding an atom. Any awards not listed here can be assumed to have gone to their OTL recipient.
The following awards were handed out at the 20th Emmy Awards, on May 19, 1968, recognizing outstanding television for the 1967-68 season:
The Lucy Show, produced by Desilu Productions (Lucille Ball, Gary Morton, and Tommy Thompson); aired on CBS.
Star Trek, produced by Desilu Productions (Gene Roddenberry and Gene L. Coon); aired on NBC.
Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In, produced by George Schlatter and Ed Friendly; aired on NBC.
Lucille Ball as Lucy Carmichael, in The Lucy Show (CBS). (second consecutive win; fourth overall, and second in this role)
Barbara Bain as Cinnamon Carter, in Mission: Impossible (CBS). (second consecutive win)
Leonard Nimoy as Mr. Spock, in Star Trek (NBC).
Donald R. Rode, for the episode “The Doomsday Machine” of Star Trek (NBC).
The following awards were handed out at the 21st Emmy Awards, on June 8, 1969, recognizing outstanding television for the 1968-69 season:
Get Smart, produced by Talent Associates (Buck Henry, Arne Sultan, and Burt Nodella); aired on ABC.
Mission: Impossible, produced by Desilu Productions (Bruce Geller and Joseph Lantman); aired on CBS. (second overall win)
Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In, produced by Ed Friendly; aired on NBC. (second consecutive win)
Martin Landau as Rollin Hand, in Mission: Impossible (CBS).
Barbara Bain as Cinnamon Carter, in Mission: Impossible (CBS). (third consecutive win)
Donald R. Rode, for the episode “Of Gods and Men” of Star Trek (NBC). (second consecutive win)
The following awards were handed out at the 22nd Emmy Awards, on June 7, 1970, recognizing outstanding television for the 1969-70 season:
Room 222, produced by Paramount Television (Gene Reynolds and James L. Brooks); aired on ABC.
Star Trek, produced by Desilu Productions (Gene Roddenberry, Gene L. Coon, Robert H. Justman, and D.C. Fontana); aired on NBC. (second overall win)
The David Frost Show, produced by Westinghouse Broadcasting (David Frost and Peter Baker); aired in syndication.
Barbara Bain as Cinnamon Carter, in Mission: Impossible (CBS). (fourth consecutive win)
Michael Constantine as Mr. Seymour Kaufman, in Room 222 (ABC).
Karen Valentine as Miss Alice Johnson, in Room 222 (ABC).
Leonard Nimoy as Mr. Spock, in Star Trek (NBC). (second overall win)
Donald R. Rode, for the episode “Yesteryear” of Star Trek (NBC). (third consecutive win)
The following awards were handed out at the 23rd Emmy Awards, on May 9, 1971, recognizing outstanding television for the 1970-71 season:
Those Were the Days, produced by Tandem Productions (Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin); aired on CBS.
Star Trek, produced by Desilu Productions (Gene Roddenberry, Gene L. Coon, Robert H. Justman, and D.C. Fontana); aired on NBC. (second consecutive win, third overall)
The Flip Wilson Show, produced by Bob Henry Productions and Clerow Productions (Monty Kay, Bob Henry, and Flip Wilson); aired on NBC.
Jack Klugman as Oscar Madison, in The Odd Couple (ABC).
Jean Stapleton as Edith Bunker, in Those Were the Days (CBS).
Barbara Bain as Cinnamon Carter, in Mission: Impossible (CBS). (fifth consecutive win)
Edward Asner as Lou Grant, in The Mary Tyler Moore Show (CBS).
Valerie Harper as Rhoda Morgenstern, in The Mary Tyler Moore Show (CBS).
Leonard Nimoy as Mr. Spock, in Star Trek (NBC). (second consecutive win, third overall)
Donald R. Rode, for the episode “The Sleepers of Selene” of Star Trek (NBC). (fourth consecutive win)
The following awards were handed out at the 24th Emmy Awards, on May 6, 1972, recognizing outstanding television for the 1971-72 season:
Those Were the Days, produced by Tandem Productions (Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin); aired on CBS. (second consecutive win)
Elizabeth R, produced by the British Broadcasting Corporation (Christopher Sarson and Roderick Graham); aired on PBS.
The Flip Wilson Show, produced by Bob Henry Productions and Clerow Productions (Monty Kay, Bob Henry, and Flip Wilson); aired on NBC. (second consecutive win)
Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker, in Those Were the Days (CBS).
Jean Stapleton as Edith Bunker, in Those Were the Days (CBS). (second consecutive win)
Glenda Jackson as Queen Elizabeth I, in Elizabeth R (PBS).
Edward Asner as Lou Grant, in The Mary Tyler Moore Show (CBS). (second consecutive win)
Penny Marshall as Gloria Bunker-Higgins, in Those Were the Days (CBS).
The following awards were handed out at the 25th Emmy Awards, on May 20, 1973, recognizing outstanding television for the 1972-73 season:
Those Were the Days, produced by Tandem Productions (Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin); aired on CBS. (third consecutive win)
Spencer's Mountain, produced by Lorimar Productions (Lee Rich and Robert L. Jacks); aired on CBS.
The Carol Burnett Show, produced by Punkin' Productions, Inc. (Joe Hamilton, Arnie Rosen, and Carol Burnett); aired on CBS.
Jack Klugman as Oscar Madison, in The Odd Couple (ABC). (second overall win)
Mary Tyler Moore as Mary Richards, in The Mary Tyler Moore Show (CBS).
Edward Asner as Lou Grant, in The Mary Tyler Moore Show (CBS). (third consecutive win)
Valerie Harper as Rhoda Morgenstern, in The Mary Tyler Moore Show (CBS). (second overall win)
The following awards were handed out at the 26th Emmy Awards, on May 28, 1974, recognizing outstanding television for the 1973-74 season:
The Mary Tyler Moore Show, produced by Paramount Television (James L. Brooks, Allan Burns, and Ed. Weinberger); aired on CBS.
Kojack, produced by Universal Television (Abby Mann, Matthew Rapf, and James Duff McAdams); aired on CBS.
The Carol Burnett Show, produced by Punkin' Productions, Inc. (Joe Hamilton, Arnie Rosen, and Carol Burnett); aired on CBS. (second consecutive win)
Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker, in Those Were the Days (CBS). (second overall win)
Mary Tyler Moore as Mary Richards, in Those Were the Days (CBS). (second consecutive win)
Telly Savalas as Lt. Theodore “Teddy” Kojack, in Kojack (CBS).
Richard Dreyfuss as Richard Higgins, in Those Were the Days (CBS).
Penny Marshall as Gloria Bunker-Higgins, in Those Were the Days (CBS). (second overall win)
The changing results of elections in this timeline. Where results are not listed, they can be assumed to have gone as IOTL.
Note that 270 electoral votes are required for a majority in the Electoral College.
Democratic: Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota/Senator Edmund Muskie of Maine: 43.62%, 275 electoral votes
Republican: Former Vice-President Richard M. Nixon of California/Governor Spiro T. Agnew of Maryland: 42.39%, 199 electoral votes
American Independent: Governor George Wallace of Alabama/Retired General Curtis T. LeMay of California: 13.85%, 64 electoral votes
Democratic: President Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota/Vice-President Edmund Muskie of Maine: 44.84%, 276 electoral votes
Republican: Governor Nelson Rockfeller of New York/Governor Daniel J. Evans of Washington: 42.74%, 219 electoral votes
American: Governor George Wallace of Alabama/Representative John G. Schmitz of California: 11.86%, 45 electoral votes
Republican: Former Governor Ronald Reagan of California/Senator Charles Mathias of Maryland: 50.81%, 450 electoral votes
Democratic: Vice-President Edmund Muskie of Maine/Senator Dale Bumpers of Arkansas: 41.16%, 67 electoral votes
American: Senator Lester Maddox of Georgia/Senator Jesse Helms of North Carolina: 7.03%, 21 electoral votes
Note that a majority in the Senate is 51 seats; a majority in the House of Representatives is 218 seats.
Senate: 53 Democrats, 45 Republicans, 1 Conservative (caucusing with Republicans), 1 Independent (caucusing with Democrats).
Senate: 48 Democrats, 48 Republicans, 1 American, 1 Conservative (caucusing with Republicans), 2 Independents (caucusing with Democrats).
House: 220 Democrats, 204 Republicans, 11 Americans.
Senate: 55 Republicans, 39 Democrats, 3 Americans, 1 Conservative (caucusing with Republicans), 2 Independents (caucusing with Democrats).
House: 253 Republicans, 164 Democrats, 18 Americans.
Senate: 62 Republicans, 34 Democrats, 3 Americans, 1 Independent (caucusing with Democrats).
House: 259 Republicans, 158 Democrats, 18 Americans.
Note that 316 seats are required for a majority in the House of Commons.
Labour won 45.59% of the vote, and 329 seats.
The Conservatives won 44.16% of the vote, and 291 seats.
The Liberals won 7.24% of the vote, and 6 seats.
The Scottish National Party won 1.01% of the vote, and 1 seat.
Other parties (all in Northern Ireland) won 3 seats.
Harold Wilson was returned as Prime Minister, becoming the first to lead the Labour Party through three successive election victories. Tory leader Edward Heath, who had suffered two consecutive defeats, was forced out of his own party leadership in 1971, becoming the first Conservative leader never to become Prime Minister. He was replaced by William Whitelaw.
Note that 318 seats are required for a majority in the House of Commons.
The Conservatives won 47.17% of the vote and 389 seats.
Labour won 35.64% of the vote, and 224 seats.
The Liberals won 13.36% of the vote, and 12 seats.
The Scottish National Party won 2.04% of the vote, and 4 seats.
Plaid Cymru won 0.51% of the vote, and 2 seats.
Other parties (all in Northern Ireland) won 4 seats.
William Whitelaw defeated incumbent Prime Minister Harold Wilson in a landslide victory; the 14.9 million ballots cast for Conservative candidates marked a record for most total votes received by any party in British history.
Note that 133 ridings are required for a majority in the House of Commons.
The Progressive Conservatives won 37.31% of the popular vote, and 123 ridings.
The Liberals won 36.42% of the popular vote, and 92 ridings.
The New Democrats won 17.32% of the popular vote, and 28 ridings.
Social Credit won 8.01% of the popular vote, and 19 ridings.
Independents won 2 ridings.
Tory leader Robert Stanfield defeated Liberal incumbent PM Pierre Trudeau, forming the first PC government since 1963.
Note that 133 ridings are required for a majority in the House of Commons.
The Progressive Conservatives won 42.18% of the popular vote, and 142 ridings.
The Liberals won 29.11% of the popular vote, and 64 ridings.
The New Democrats won 17.59% of the popular vote, and 31 ridings.
Social Credit won 10.61% of the popular vote, and 27 ridings.
Robert Stanfield was returned as Prime Minister, forming a majority government.
A derisive nickname for an organization of quasi-fascist pariah states in the 1970s (which called itself the “Forward Coalition”). Strongly opposed socialism and communism, particularly Red China. Began in earnest after the Oil Crisis in 1973. The core membership was Spain and Portugal (the charter nations), Greece (after the Cyprus Incident), South Africa, and Rhodesia. Spain and Portugal famously departed from the Bloc in 1977 as part of the Iberian Sunrise, meaning that the organization was at full strength for a little over three years. All three of the remaining pillar states saw great instability; Greece and Rhodesia both switched regimes in 1979, with the beginning of a new recession. South Africa, from that point forward, was the sole remaining member of the Backwards Bloc, resulting in its effective disbandment.
See Iberian Sunrise.
Pronounced “bee-yur wars”, a pun on the Boer Wars from the turn of the century. A proxy war between supporters of the NHL-WHA merger (represented by Carling O'Keefe) and its opponents (represented by Molson). Molson, who owned the Montreal Canadiens and had an exclusive agreement to provide beer at Vancouver Canucks games, had used their influence to block the merger; they thus became the subject of a nationwide boycott, which benefited every other brewery in Canada (particularly Carling O'Keefe). Revenues plummeted so dramatically that Molson relented, and the merger went into effect.
See NHL, WHA, HNiC, and WHAHT.
Refers to the period of 1951-71 in the television industry, during which most of the conventions of the medium were firmly established (only to be bent or broken in subsequent periods). Traditionally bound by two shows produced by the same studio, Desilu Productions: I Love Lucy (premiered October 15, 1951), and Star Trek (ended July 5, 1971). These dates are obviously favoured by the studio in question, and though 1971 as the end date is largely undisputed (since it coincides with the Rural Purge at CBS), many television historians prefer an earlier start date, typically in the late 1940s.
See Experimental TV, Modern TV, Rural Purge, and Sullivanite.
Refers to the period beginning with the creation of television (traditionally 1927, when Philo T. Farnsworth successfully tested his image dissector), and ending with its establishment as a viable commercial medium (traditionally 1951, the date of the premiere of I Love Lucy, the first “modern” television program). Some television historians argue for an earlier end date, such as 1947 (the premiere of the still-running Meet the Press, and the first true television sitcom, Mary Kay and Johnny), 1948 (the premiere of The Ed Sullivan Show, the first “modern” variety show, which conveniently ended right at the close of the ensuing period of television history in 1971), or 1949 (the year of the first Emmy Awards).
See Classic TV, Modern TV, and Sullivanite.
A term used internally at Desilu Productions to refer to Paramount Television, whose offices were indeed separated from those of Desilu by a large wall. The name was obviously a nod to the industry term for Desilu and a jab at the name used internally at Paramount (which was based on it).
See Desilu, Paramount, The House that Paladin Built, and The House that Mary Built.
A term used internally to refer to Paramount Television, so named because Mary Tyler Moore (formerly known for The Dick Van Dyke Show) starred in their flagship show of the 1970s, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, and also as a character named Mary. This nickname, an obvious allusion to the more popular “House that Paladin Built” appellation for next-door neighbour Desilu Productions, was never widely used outside of the Paramount lot, and may have only picked up cachet within it because Mary Tyler Moore was married to Grant Tinker, President of Paramount Television.
See Paramount, The House that Paladin Built, and The House that Mary Built.
An industry term for Desilu Productions, referring to the period from the late-1960s to the mid-1970s, during which time their two biggest hits were Star Trek and Mission: Impossible, created by Gene Roddenberry and Bruce Geller, respectively. The two producers both worked on the 1950s western Have Gun – Will Travel, whose lead character was named “Paladin”, and this is where the name comes from.
Roddenberry and Geller continued to produce for Desilu after their flagship shows ended in 1971 and 1973, respectively, but the appellation largely faded once the studio returned to its sitcom roots and began producing comedy series in large numbers, starting with Rock Around the Clock in 1974.
See Desilu, The House that Mary Built, and The House on the Other Side of the Wall.
A term referring to the peaceful democratization of Spain and Portugal (fascist states since the 1930s) near-simultaneously in the mid-1970s. The architects of the “sunrise” were two constitutional monarchs: Edward/Duarte III in Portugal and Juan Carlos I in Spain.
See Backwards Bloc.
A nightclub in Westside Los Angeles, off the Beverly Hills Freeway near Century City. The most popular hotspot in the Southland in the late 1970s, known for its celebrity partygoers, and the abundance of sex, drugs, and rock and roll taking place within its walls.
Named by analogy to Mecca; the catchphrase “Pilgrims go to Mecca, partygoers come to Medina” is ubiquitous.
The period in the television industry that began in the 1971-72 season, though technically the end terminus is tied to that of the series finale of Star Trek, on July 5 (the season would not begin until September 13). As with most “present-day” periods, the trends and themes that characterize it have yet to be fully defined, and the conclusion of the period might not even be decided upon until well after it has passed.
See Classic TV and Experimental TV.
A small but vocal subset of the Trekkie fandom who reject all iterations of the Star Trek franchise, other than the original series, as canon. Key figures of the Puritan “cause” are Gene Roddenberry (who created and developed the show, and produced the earliest episodes, but had no active role in production after the first season) and Gene L. Coon (showrunner for most of the original run, who had no involvement in any spinoff media, and died in 1973). The name of this community is generally credited to a quote - likely apocryphal - attributed to David Gerrold, referring to their complaints as ”puritanical ravings”. The response of each individual Puritan to this collective term has varied wildly, largely depending on their religiosity.
The popular name for a high-speed rail route between Montreal Station (the transportation hub of the region) and Mirabel International Airport, a distance of 30 miles (or 50 kilometres). The Rocket achieves a maximum operating velocity of 130 miles per hour (or 215 kph), allowing for the trip to take just under 20 minutes.
A derisive nickname within the Trekkie fandom (primarily used by the Puritan faction) to describe Star Trek: The Next Voyage.
See Trekkie and Puritan.
A nickname for television historians who favour tying the definition of Classic TV to the run of The Ed Sullivan Show, from June 20, 1948, to June 6, 1971 (almost exactly 23 years). This is more inclusive than the mainstream “Desiluvian” definition, though it still excludes several key milestones for the medium in prior years. It also excludes the series finale of Star Trek, which aired one month after the cutoff; for some Sullivanites, this is a strength, as it makes that special the opening volley in a game of one-upsmanship that characterized “event television” in the 1970s.
See Classic TV, Experimental TV, and Modern TV.
The standard term used to refer to all fans of Star Trek, which is universally accepted by that fandom. Anyone who would protest this designation is simply considered part of the most prominent subculture of Trekkies, which is (not coincidentally) known for their combativeness and rigidity.